Elaboration of Inorganic Materials
Langue d'enseignement : Français
Crédits ECTS: 6
- Heures d'enseignement dispensées à l'étudiant : 51 heures
- Temps de travail personnel : 100 heures
Objectifs et compétences
This teaching corpus is devoted to the synthesis and elaboration of inorganic materials. In a first part, mining technologies (thermal and electrochemical metallurgy) are presented. A second part deals with the various synthesis routes of inorganic oxides and other ceramics. Co-sintering (solid state route), mechano-synthesis, and numerous solution routes (coprecipitation, autocombustion, spray pyrolysis, sol-gel processes and hydrothermal synthesis) are compared. A detailed focus is made on innovative sol-gel processes with the aim to elaborate nanomaterials with controlled morphology, this constitutes the third part. Finally, in a last part, the shaping processes, especially to design thin films (PVD, CVD) are presented.
Hence, various competencies about the elaboration of inorganic materials are acquired from an adequate mixture of magisterial lessons, exercises and practical activities.
Main disciplinary competencies:
Fundamental knowledge: To know the different material classes and their main elaboration techniques, to apprehend these different classes and techniques basing on solid-state chemist approach: chemical bond description, structural behaviors, thermodynamic/kinetic competition….
From knowledge to know-how: To know how to prepare pure inorganic materials with one target chemical composition, one target crystallographic structure and one target morphology (size/shape).
Practical: To experiment the adequate scientific approach in order to reproduce an experiment of the literature (with the technical possibilities offered by the Practical’ laboratories).
I. The transformation processes in mineral chemistry (mining): (6 meetings * 1h20)
I.1- Bayer process: Alumina/Aluminum chemistry
I.2- Kroll proces: Rutile-Anatase/Titanium chemistry
I.3-Silicium; Process of silica transformation and purification: illustration besides electronic and photovoltaic requirements.
II. Synthesis of inorganic powder: (10 meetings * 1h20)
II.1- All-solid routes for inorganic oxide preparation: Solid-sate route, mechanosynthesis,
II.2- Solution routes for inorganic oxide preparation:
Autocombustion, spray-pyrolysis, Sol-Gel processes: Pechini & alkoxide precursors’ routes, Precipitation, coprecipitation, hydrothermal synthesis
II.3- From oxides to other inorganic compounds:
III. Sol-Gel processes and diluted environments: (7 meetings * 1h20)
IIII.1- From colloids to sol-gel process
III.2- colloids vs Nanoparticles in sol "non-silica systems"
III.3- colloids vs Nanoparticles in sol "silica systems"
IV. From synthesis to shaping of inorganic materials: (9 meetings *1h20)
IV.1- Shaping techniques for thin films production (PVD-CVD), ionic implantation, thermal sprays and thermal diffusion.
Illustration of the applicative fields (films for optics, mechanical properties and surface coatings as protective barriers)
IV.2- Materials in industrial catalysis: Phenomenological description. Physico-chemical properties of solid catalysts: preparation and shaping. Focus on Zeolites and parent structures.
Practical (2 meetings * 4 h).
1- Synthesis of BaTiO3 compound from two different routes,
2- Sol-gel synthesis: Silica particles with controlled hydrolysis-condensation in ammonia-based solution.
le mode de fonctionnement de l'UE est présenté au début des enseignements
Contrôle des connaissances
1st session examinations (0-20)
Intermediate Exam - Coeff. 0.4
Final written exam (3h) - Coeff. 0.5
Practical’reviews (made during the practical works): 0.1 coef.
2nd session examinations (0-20)
Final Exam (3h00): 0.5 coef.* (it can be oral examination depending on the workforce)
Intermediate Exam - Coeff. 0.4: marks may be reported or exam may be chosen depending on the student choice. In case of exam: either an oral or a written exam will happen depending on the workforce.
Practical’reviews (made during the practical works): 0.1 coef. (report)
l'ensemble des références bibliographiques est communiqué au début des enseignements
Responsable de l'unité d'enseignement
- Non défini -
la composition de l'ensemble de l'équipe pédagogique est communiquée au début des enseignements